About one million people passed through Ezkioga in 1931, which had a population of 550 inhabitants.   
Cars at the foot of the hill. By courtesy of the Fototeca de la Kutxa.  

Gogo-Arima Erradikalak is made up of Aritza, Agerraldia y Grabaketa.In this series of works I analyse the characteristic aspects of the hierophanies of the Virgin over the last century and a half, the period Paul VI called “the Marian Era”. Questions that most of all have to do with the decline of religious states, the emergence of nationalisms, industrialisation, the development of transport and the mass media.
It is 1931, in Ezkioga, a village in the heart of Guipúzcoa. Some apparitions of the Virgin Mary took place there and made the faithful think of the possibility of a Lourdes who would revive devotion. The quest for Marian hope occurred at the turning point in history marked by the change from Primo de Rivera’s dictatorial regime to the Second Republic, which proposed the separation of state and church. That was a flowering of liberalism and modernism which the church tried to smother by sponsoring phenomena of this kind.
The title of the project has a twofold allusion: first, it refers to the political connotations of the visions and, second, to a book of the same name by Ann Braude (1989). Most of the visionaries who have had an echo in the media were men, but oral accounts and photographs of the time speak of women. Although they did not use a voice of their own, that was a symptom of the social importance they demanded and/or a way of conveying a heterodox message.

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